Lotus Temple

The oriental gardens are inspired by the millinery Asian tradition

How to create a zen garden

The Zen garden represents a typical expression of Japanese culture and has some fundamental constitutive elements (water, stones and plants) that act as an allegorical representation of man’s journey through the successive phases of life and towards

Depending on the arrangement of the elements, the Zen garden generates a flow of spiritual energy that helps man to approach contemplation.

There are many points of contact with Buddhist spirituality.

To create a Zen garden, you need to have a space large enough to accommodate both plants and stones and waterways, often crossed by bridges.

Before setting up a garden of this type, it is always advisable to read up on the symbolic meaning and positioning of the elements.

The vegetables that are chosen are mainly of shrub or herbaceous nature and only in some cases of arboreal nature.


It is an evergreen or evergreen herbaceous plant depending on the variety.

Find an ideal location in areas of the Zen garden near water courses as the plant needs a high level of humidity to be able to develop at its best.

It has underground rhizomes from which medium height herbaceous stems are erected.

The leaves are constituted by entire laminae, pinnate or bipinnate, provided with numerous veins, slender or arched, sometimes with a hanging green, of intense green colour.

It forms tufts of variable dimensions and dependent on environmental conditions.

It requires moist soil, rich in peat and sand that aims to avoid water stagnation.

It prefers a mild climate, with temperatures that should never fall below 10 degrees.

It lives well in shady and damp areas and must not be exposed to direct sunlight.

It must be watered abundantly during the spring and summer months, while in the cold months it does not require irrigation, but only spray cans.

It is advisable to use saucers equipped with pebbles or gravel to ensure adequate humidification of the soil.

Fertilization should be repeated once a month using preferably liquid fertilizers.


It is an ornamental evergreen plant that can form small groves around watercourses, is native to Japan and is well suited to setting up a Zen garden.

It lives well both on land and in pots.

It has rhizomatous roots from which stem cylindrical, robust but flexible stems, which can reach considerable heights.

The leaves are very thin, resembling large blades of grass, lanceolate, with variable colours between the different shades of green.

It requires deep, well-drained soils, possibly enriched with peat, river sand and finely shredded pine bark.

It must be housed in areas that are well lit by the sun but not in direct rays.

It prefers warm and humid climates and does not tolerate wind or air currents.

It needs regular watering during the spring and summer months, flanked by frequent sprays.

Fertilization is recommended at least once a month, using liquid nitrogen-poor fertilizer.


It is an ornamental evergreen shrub that forms medium-sized, very fragrant and decorative bushes.

Presents a semi-woody stem of height from 2 to 8 meters.

The leaves are linear, needle-like, dark green.

Being a dioecious plant, it has male inflorescences (with small, yellowish-coloured flowers) or feminine (with large, greenish-coloured flowers).

The fruits are brownish berries, called galbi, edible for humans, which also have some medicinal properties.

It develops well on almost all types of soil, even on uncultivated land.

It proliferates both in brackish areas and in mountainous areas, up to 2500 meters of altitude.

It prefers a temperate and humid climate, preferably with indirect sunshine, and with temperatures that should never fall below zero.

It requires a soil that is possibly damp, even if not too wet, which is why it is advisable to alternate frequent waterings with watering.

It must be fertilized at least once a month with slow-release granular fertilizers, rich in nitrogen and potassium.


It is an evergreen herbaceous flower plant (indoor variety) or deciduous (outdoor variety), which belongs to the group of rhododendrons.

It is suitable for setting up coloured flowerbeds, but it can also remain potted, always for decorative purposes.

It has a thin and semi-woody stem, with a height between 30 and 70 cm. depending on the variety, very branched.

The leaves have an oval shape, with a rough and leathery consistency, dark green.

The flowers are gathered in groups arranged apically on the branches, they have an elongated shape similar to a trumpet, with white, pink or red colours.

It requires a soft, well-drained soil, rich in organic substances and with an acid tendency (pH value of 5.5).

It prefers a mild and sunny climate as it fears cold and drafts.

Watering is advisable only during the warm months, while it can be replaced with mists during the cold months.

We recommend using fertilizers for acidophilic plants.

Stephanie Gutierres

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