Since ancient times the garden represents the fundamental pivot of the entire house, simultaneously playing two roles: the first is the status symbol it takes (it is enough to think of the immense gardens of noble houses or large temples); secondly it carries out symbolic roles with decorative and evocative functions at the same time, thus allowing the human being to come into contact with nature, thus experiencing a profound sense of harmony and inner peace, thanks to the preparation and contemplation of the Japanese garden.
Types of Japanese garden
There are different types of Japanese gardens, among which are noteworthy:
- Tsubo-Niwa, very similar to small gardens located in the courtyard;
- Roji, delicious rustic gardens where the Japanese tea ceremony takes place;
- Karesansui, rock gardens, places of meditation, where water is replaced by white sand;
- Kaiyu-Shiki-teen, where the visitor can follow a path around it to see carefully composed landscapes;
Regardless of the styles, all Japanese gardens are united by some particular elements that all lead to the same result: harmony.
The entire space is designed in such a way as to extend the visual horizon of the observer, so as to give the idea and perception of immense space even to a small garden, which may seem like a forest or even a large clearing.
Every single element, even the apparently most insignificant one, aims to recreate the sense of balance given by nature with its main elements, such as trees, water and rocks.
Indeed, these are the three indispensable elements in a Japanese garden, each with a precise meaning:
- the green of the trees must be balanced, not excessive, not a little, it must colour the atmosphere all year round, with its different shades, giving only in spring some light blooms, such as the camellia, the rhododendron, the Cornus causa el azalea;
- water, instead, is a symbol of life and must flow, just like the rising and setting of the Sun, from east to west;
- the rocks, with their round and smooth shape, create an atmosphere of peace and inner serenity. The position must not be absolutely random, as it must seem like it has always been there.